Book Binding and Book Covering
early 7th century A.D., Mishin (sheep hide), Timaj (goat hide) and
other special leathers were used in book covering.
of every old books were made of wood with leather cover, containing
simple geometrical images, with no coloring or gilding. Maybe the
first cover belonged to "Manafeol-heyvan" book (13th century
early 15th century A.D., when the Art Center moved from West to East,
Herat became the second Art Center after Samarkend and leaded a wide
part of countries of region in preparing and creating new and advanced
methods of book preparation. One of its flourish periods was 15th
century A.D. at the time of Timur's deputy, "Shahrokh
Mirza", who was very interested in this art. After him, his son,
"Baisonqor Mirza", established the greatest libraries and
book workshops in Iran, which was another beginning in Iranian book
making. He gathered all artists from all over country in this center.
Art activities of these workshops reached Tabriz, Isfahan and
Gourkanian's Court and lasted for almost 100 years.
the middle of 13th century A.D., medallion image for decorating
covers, cover decorating and corners
decorating became more complicated and more different; therefore,
decorating of book covers with stamped images started.
Safavid era, like other art branches, book making and book covering
changed essentially in decorating style and methods. The most
important change is using stamp in image creation.
17th century A.D., an essential change happened in the art of book
covering in Iran.
18th century A.D., covers with monotonous designing ground were made.
Designs were often drawn instead of stamping.
19th century A.D., under the influence of European Art, covers with no
curved edges were made. Common covers of this period were "tree
covers", which originated in 10th century A.D. and it is said,
that "Agha Mirak" was its creator.
kinds of leather, such as Timaj, Mishin, Shebro, Saqari, Bolqar and
also engraving and brocade were among various types of book covers,
which contain various decorative images.
of these images, regarding the shape and also the place on front or
back of the cover, are called "Shamseh",
"Medallion", "Medallion Head", Inscriptive",
"Corner" and "Checker". These decorations were
made by using of techniques like "stamping",
"hot-stamping", "inlay" and "oil".