Khayam Museum is established near his tomb, owing to the occasion of International Congress of Celebration of Khayam, 17 May 2000, and his scientific dignity, his works, especially those relating to astronomy, calendar, mathematics, his frequent references to soil, pot, pottery and the importance of the earthenware of Neishabour. It includes four parts:
The first part displays astronomical objects such as observational instruments, astrolabe, various kinds of compasses and constellations.
The second part houses bronze and metal vessels from the 12-14th century AH (Khayam period).
The third part displays clay vessels and glazed clay vessels from the 10-14th century. Most of the vessels are monochrome, polychrome, carved, over glazed, stamped patterned, and ornate. The most important of them are an earthenware decorated with brown Kufic scripts. The way of inscribing Kufic script on earthenware is a matter of great interest to researchers.
The fourth part includes calligraphics, relating to astronomy and painting of Hakim Omar Khayam.