Nine Byzantine churches in Troodos Mountains are included in official UNESCO list of World Heritage. These are: Stavros tou Agiasmati, Panagia tou Araka, Timiou Stavrou at Pelendri, Agios Nikolaos tis Stegis, Panagia Podithou, Panagia tis Asinou, Agios Ioannis Lampadistis, Panagia tou Moutoulla and Archangelos Michail at Pedoulas.

Impressive Troodos mountain range with its idyllic forests stretches across most of western side of Cyprus offering cool sanctuary in summer and opportunities for sports in winter. Famous mountain resorts divine Byzantine monasteries and churches perched on mountain peaks or nestling in its valleys, as well as picturesque mountain villages clinging to terraced hill slopes make up the splendour of Troodos.

The area has been known since ancient times for its mines and in Byzantine Period it became a prominent center of Byzantine art, as churches and monasteries were built in the mountains, far away from the threatened coastline.

Four main areas, each having its own character and charm are found on the Troodos mountain range. These are: 
Pitsylia to the East of Mount Olympos
Marathasa Valley to the North of Mount Olympos
Krasochoria,"wine villages" to the South (Northwest of Lemesos district). 
These areas are easily accessible from either Lemesos or Lefkosia. Actual Troodos area is found around Mount Olympos (height 1951 meters).



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