Cyprus is now a Greek island with ten city-kingdoms.
Cult of the Goddess Aphrodite flourishes at her birthplace
Phoenicians settle at Kition. 8th century BC is a period
of great prosperity.
750-325 BC-ARCHAIC AND CLASSICAL PERIOD
The era of prosperity continues, but the island falls prey
to several conquerors. Cypriot Kingdoms become
successively tributary to Assyria, Egypt and Persia. King
Evagoras of Salamis (who ruled from 411-374 BC) unifies
Cyprus and makes the island one of the leading political
and cultural centres of Greek world.
The city-kingdoms of Cyprus welcome Alexander the Great,
King of Macedonia, and Cyprus becomes part of his empire.
325-58 BC-HELLENISTIC PERIOD
After the rivalries for succession between Alexander's
generals, Cyprus eventually comes under Hellenistic state
of the Ptolemies of Egypt, and belongs from now onwards to
Greek Alexandrine world. Ptolemies abolish the
city-kingdoms and unify Cyprus. Pafos becomes the capital.