Australia placed in
South Semicircle of Earth, an island between Pacific, India, and
Atlantic, Oceans (between 110-145 degree East and 15-35 degree South).
Summer starts in
December, Autumn in March, winter in June and spring in September.
Seasonal Variations are not extreme and it's rare for temperatures to
drop below zero on the mainland except in the mountains. In far North,
monsoon belt, there are Just two seasons: hot and dry. Australia has a
better weather in South and East. Southern states are popular during
the summer months but the best time to visit is probably the shoulder
Seasons of Spring or Autumn when the weather in the south is mild, Queens land
is still warm, the humidity is not too draining in North .
Spring in the outback can be spectacular if rains encourage wild
country name: Common Wealth of
7,682,300 sq. km
94% European descent, 4% Asian, 1.5% Aboriginal.
English, Aboriginal languages (plus Italian, Greek and numerous other
European and Asian languages).
75% Christian, 1% Muslim, 1% Buddhist, 0.5% Jewish.
Independent Member of British Common Wealth.
US $ 340 billion
GDP ranking in
the world: 13th
GDP Per head:
US $ 19,007
Industries: Minerals, Oil,
Coal, Gold, Wool and Meat.
Visas: Every Nationality except
New Zealanders need visas. Tourists visas are generally valid for six
months. visas for less than three months are free.
How to get
there: Virtually all visitors
to Australia arrive by air. The main international airports are
Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane, followed by Perth, Adelaide, Hobart,
Darwin and Cairns.
Because of the big vast, most people prefer to travel by airplane. Some
prater to travel by bus or train; it is cheaper and comfortable and
also could see all the country. But it takes a long time.
Airplane, ship, train, and bus.
In cities: Metro, bus and taxi.
There are three
standard time is UTC plus 10 hours;
Central time is UTC plus 9.5 hours;
Western time UTC plus 8 hours.
US $ 3
meal: US $ 7
accommodation: US $ 8
US $ 20
Publications, Radio and
TV are all in English.
Telegraph, Fax, Post, Email, Mobile and Internet.
Weights and Measures: Metric System.
Electricity: 220- 240 V, 50
9-13.30 and 16-22
Saturday and Sunday.
Australia is a
multicultural Society. Australians were Predominantly of British and
Irish descent, but that has changed dramatically. Large immigrations
from Greece, Italy, Yugoslavia, Lebanon and Turkey followed the war
and have been supplemented by more recent in influxes of immigrants
from Asia. There are also about 230,000 Aborigines and Torres Strait
Islanders. Australians has a rich artistic heritage and a rich
artistic heritage and a vibrant contemporary art scene. Aboriginal
rock carvings and paintings date back at least 3000 years. European settles
began to produce distinctively Australian Art Forms towards
the end of the 19th century. Australians mid-20th century artists were
world figures ( Sidney Nolan, Patrick White) and its modern
practitioners have excelled in painting (Fred Williams), Literature
(Peter Carney) Opera ( Joan Soother Land), Film (Peter Weir) and
Popular Music (Nick Cave).
All countries have embassy in Mel born and Canberra.