Tapestry appeared in China, India, Egypt and
Mesopotamia around 7000 years ago.
In Iran, During Safavid era, art of weaving
reached the zenith of beauty and elegance, but
since many people and artists preferred to
decorate their floors, many colorful woven adorned
the floors of Iranian houses and walls left for
most parts bare. However, there were many woven
curtains (needle-works, brocades,...) used primary
to create privacy or partition within the interior
space of the house.
During the same period, picturesque fabrics were
used as wall hangings, which were mixture of
carpets, bearing miniature images. The oldest
Iranian example of such works was found in Pazirik
area, which is kept in Armitage Museum of Russia.
Tapestry is a weft showing fabric, whose pattern
is created through free knots. Wefts cover the
selvage creating the design.
Nowadays, Tapestry is defined as fabrics of fine
dimension, hung on walls or suspended from the ceiling,
to separate the interior space of a room.
The material used in this art are linen, wool,
silk and artificial fibers. In addition, such
ornamental objects, as wooden or metal beads, are
also included in the design.
Tapestry weaving techniques are basically the same
as those used to produce carpets (rug, kilim,
jajim, gabbeh,...), textile, macramé,
needle-works and knitting.
of Tapestry works, by Lila