20: Born in Spain, Barcelona, Credit Passage
Design courses in Regomir St. School; from now on,
summers in Cornuella and Mallora
in Commerce School in Barcelona, and attended in
Modest Urgell and Jose Pasco Fine Arts School
in Oliveras Perfumery
in Francesc Gali Art School; acquainted with Josep
Liorens I Artigas and E. C. Ricart (painter)
Cali Art School; designed in Saint Luic Academy;
acquainted with Joan Prats and F. Rafols; rented
studio in Mes Baix de Saint Pere Street, with E.
with Francis Picabia
first individual exhibition in Dalmu Gallery,
travel to Paris; acquainted with Picasso and
Maurice Raynal; exhibited his works in Coubert
Group, Barcelona; painted "Montroig" and
He stayed in Paris
and acquainted with Reverduy, Tzara and Max Jacob;
accompanied in Dada manifestation; in summers, he stayed
1921: His first studio and
exhibition in Paris, "La Licorne Gallery"
1922: "Blomet Street
Group", with Andre Masson, Artaud, Leiris, Limbour,
Salacrou and Taul. He finished "La Masia" (farm)
1923: Exhibited his works in
"Salon de Otono", Paris
1924: Painted "El
Carnaval de Arlequin"
1925: Individual exhibition
in "Pierre Loeb" gallery; participated in
Surrealist Group Exhibition
1926: Commenced with Max
Ernst, for "Romeo & Juliet" in Russian
1927: He stayed in Montmarte
(Tourlaque Ave.), with Maz Ernst, Eluard, Arp and Magritte.
1928, Oct. 12: he married
with Pilar Juncosa, in "Palma de Mallorca", and
stayed in Paris, 3, Francois Mouthon Ave. For the first
time, he illustrated a painting for L. Mirtz' book,
"Once A Day".
1930: He exhibited his works
in "Pierre Gallery" Paris, "Foemans
Gallery" Brussels and "Valentine Gallery"
New York. He started "Graphic Technique" with a
painter, "Marcoussis" and continued with him,
until the Second World War.
1931: July 17, his daughter,
"Dolores", born in Barcelona; his sculpture
exhibition in Pierre Gallery, Paris
1932: He stayed in Paris and
made decoration and costumes for "Children's Play
Ballet". His exhibitions in Pierre Gallery (Paris),
Pierre Matisse Gallery (New York) and with Surrealist
Group in Paris was held.
1933, May 3: "Children's
Play Ballet" introduced, in Barcelona Art School. His
first important graphic works for "Dafnis" and
"Cloe", and also his first works with Nitric
Acid and engagement on different plates for
"Childhood of G. Hunget".
1934: He stayed in Barcelona
and made masterpieces with pastel on sand-paper. He
painted "Escargot", "Femme",
"Flower" and "Star" paintings.
1935: He stayed in Barcelona
and participated in Tenerife Surrealist Exhibition;
higgledy-piggledy paintings on paper
1936: "Contemporary Art
Exhibition", Paris; he painted some paintings with
dyes, mixed with egg or honey, on copper and fiber-cement.
1937: He stayed in Paris,
painted "Caatalan's Man", and commenced with
Spain Chamber in Paris International Exhibition.
1938: He created 20
printed works, which were shown the tragic events of Spain
1939: He stayed in
Varangeville-sur-Mer and painted on clothes.
1940, May 20: He came back to
Paris and resided in Mallorca. He painted the series of
"Constellation", in Varangeville.
1941: His first exhibition on
all his works in New York Modern Arts Museum, and his
first works' monograph by J. J. Sweeney
1942: His first ceramic
works, with the collaboration of Llorens I Artigas;
painted 50 black lithographs (Barcelona Series, designed
on paper, 1939)
Ceramic Exhibition", Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York
1947: He collaborated in
Surrealist Exhibition in Maeght Gallery, Paris. His first
travel to USA; he worked on the wall of Plaza Hotel, Cincinnati
and employed in "17 Atelier", new York. He
engraved on copper by sugar, gum, acid and wax and created
"13 Album", with 13 lithographs (Barcelona
Series), which were designed in Montroig 1939 and painted
1948: He made lithographs in
1949: He exhibited 57 of his
works in Laietanes Gallery, Barcelona and another
exhibition in "Art Hall" of Bern.
1950: He worked again on
Constellation Series (10 lithographs), in New York; his
first works, engraving on wood, for Joao Cabral de Melo's
1952-53: Exhibitions in Art
Hall of Basilea and in Bern
1954-55: Grand Prize of
Engraving in Venice Biennale; he left painting until 1959
and create 386 ceramics with the collaboration of Llorensi
I Artigas, in Gallifa.
1956: He stayed in Palma de
Mallorca, in Josep-Luis Studio; "Grand Fire
Land" Exhibirion, Maeght Gallery, Paris; "Bagatelas
Vegetales" Exhibition with M. Leiris, Matisse
Gallery, New York
1957: He worked in Aldo
1958: With collaboration of
Llorenz I Artigas, he painted "Sun Mural" and
"Moon Mural" for UNESCO, Paris.
1959: in his second staying
in USA, he showed his works in Modern Arts Museum, New
York and Los Angeles; Grand Prize of Guggenheim Foundation
He started to collaborate with Robert Dutrou in Maeght
Workshop, Levallois and Daguerre St., Paris.
1960: Ceramic Mural for
Harward University; numerous engravings and lithographs in
Maeght Workshop; he started to work on plates, with more
than one Sq. m surface: Giant Series
1961: Third travel to USA;
exhibitions in Maeght Gallery (Paris), Pierre Matisse
Gallery (New York) and graphic works in Genova
1962: Grand Exhibition of
Literature Pieces in Paris Modern Arts National Museum;
creation of Juan Miro Design Art, Barcelona
1964: Grand exhibition
of all of his works in "Tate Gallery", London
and in "Kunsthaus", Zurich; inauguration of
"Maeght Foundation" in Saint-Paul-de-Vence,
France; "Labyrinth" made of ceramic and Miro's
sculptures; "Engraver's Dairy" was painted by
1959-1965" exposition in Pierre Matisse Gallery
1966: Grand exhibitions in
Tokyo and Kyoto
first prize painting; "Trazado Sobre la Pared"
Series (wall-design); Dutrou worked with him; he started
working on large sizes.
1968: Grand exhibition in
Maeght Foundation; he painted "Engraving for
1969: Grand exhibition in
Antic Hospital, Santa Crue, Barcelona; "Miro, Otro"
exhibition in Barcelona Architecture College;
"Fashion's Delirium" and "Model"
Mural" for Osaka International Fair; "Wild
Peninsula" Series (six works with nitric acid)
1971-72: "Juan Prats
Memorial" Series (15 lithographs); "Sculpture
Exhibition" in Chicago Art Institute and "London
Harward Gallery", and in "Zurich Kunsthaus";
foundation of "Juan Miro Foundation, Center of
Research on Contemporary Art"
1973: Exhibition in Maeght
Gallery, Paris; Sculpture and Ceramic Grand Exhibition
(278 works) in Maeght Foundation; commenced with Barcelona
Gaspar Saloon for painting a graphic work
1974: Two exhibitions in
Paris: Painting and Sculpture & Ceramic, in Grand
Palace; Graphic Exhibition in Modern Art Museum, Paris; 60
large printed works; 18 nitric acid works
1975: Foundation of Juan Miro
Foundation, Center of Contemporary Art Research;
Literature Works Exhibition (1914-1974) in Maeght Gallery,
1976: Small Sculptures and
Graphic Works Exhibition in Juan Mas Gallery, Madrid;
formal inauguration of "Juan Miro Foundation"
1977: Graphic exhibition in
"Rues Conference Center"; painting, sculpture
and graphic exhibition in "Municipality Museum",
Veret, France; Gouaches and Graphic Exhibition in Punto
Gallery, Valencia, Spain; Graphic Works Exhibition in
Manresa Artistic Center
1978: Firas Special 1977's
Prize was given to Juan Miro Foundation, by Europe
Council; Literal painting Exhibition in Spain Contemporary
Museum; Graphic Works Exhibition in Madrid
1980: He received Gold Medal
of Fine Arts from King of Spain; graphic exhibition in
Madrid; "Miro, the Sculptor" exhibition in Spain
1982, June: His memorial in
1983, January and February:
Exhibition in Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; two
exhibitions in his 90's Memorial in Theo Gallery (Madrid)
and Maeght Gallery (Paris); "Miro, 1920s,
Exhibition" in Madrid Contemporary Art of Spain
Juan Miro deceased on December 25 in
San Abrines residence, Palma de Mallorca.