The profound impact of Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) transformed traditional art of Spain. While several important artists such as Picasso, Miro and Dali left the country to live abroad, others remained to create a free and indigenous art form. Out of this emerged two movements the first, 'Dau el set' in Barcelona (the impassible seventh side of the dice) united the genres created by Cuixart, Tapies and other well-known figures. The second, 'El Paso' in Madrid included youthful artists such as Millares, Saura, Canogar, Feito and Zobel.
The great master of modern art, Picasso, takes to Barcelona the Andalucian sun of his native Malaga. Picasso spoke Catalan, and all his life felt a constant passion for bulls, beauty, women and the strength of his people. This he molded in his art as paralled nowhere else in Spanish art.
Cubism reached its peak in Spain through Juan Cris and Picasso. Surrealism, with the great personality of Dali as originator and leader (particularly influencing Andre Breton), Flourished extensively. Paul Eluard, Rene Magritte and even Andre Breton himself learned from Dali in the beautiful seaside village of Cadaques. Miro, the man who takes the stars in his hand, forging them with the soul of child in his enchanting and moving paintings.
Constructivism, another branch of Cubism, is also the innovation of Spanish, Torres Garcia, who later brought it to America.
Informalism reached its peak with the works of Tapies: What contemporary Museum could forget the works of this Catalan with his eye for the poorer aspects of every life, the gesture, the concept, reflections of the land and cries of everyday, which have been elevated to the realm of art.
From the lonely cry of Millares in his solitude, to the traditional perfection of Eduard Naranjo, from Cuixart's surrealism the serene expressionism of Gloria Merino, from tragic condition of human spirit of Dario Villalba to the subtle realism of Extremera, from Yturralde's geometrical form to the cosmic explosion of Maite Spinolo's works, from the lack of communication expressed by Cristobal Toral, to Uculo's eroticism. Cillero’s plastic search, the new classic informality August Puig, to the new urban concept expressed by Orcajo and the magical realism of Natilio Bayo, all remembers Spanish Art.
Perhaps for many contemporaries of art, landscaping is belonged to past period. There are thousands of artists, who still engage in it however, having brought with them new ways of looking at the horizon.
Of special interest is the Goyist, Enrique-Jose, with his vital expressionism, a man who never exhibits at international exhibitions.
Works of Zush will be favored for his brilliance in surpassing all the rules, calculations and limits of art. He brings us a world full of personality and charm.