Indians could be considered
as the symbol of great interest in handicrafts specially in weaving.
Because of hot weather and usual humidity of India, piled carpet
weaving and its usage have not become common. Carpet weaving in India,
is also a rural and domestic handicraft, which is mostly done for
Iranian weavers were the
originators of carpet weaving, with Iranian designs, in this country.
These designs besides the high quality of Cashmere wool, resulted the
flourish of Indian carpet. India is one of the most important
countries in silk carpet exports. Dyeing is an old industry in India
and carpets have usually mild colors, which are mostly ordered by
Dimensions of hand-made
carpets depend on customer’s order, but common sizes are:
2.74X1.83 to 4.57X3.66
Most of Indian carpets are
bellow “26” wales and only 5% of them have “32” to “40”
wales number. Knots are asymmetric Persian type.
Nowadays, the general design
of hand-mode carpets in India, is a collection of Iranian, Chinese,
Moroccan, French and Turkmen patterns, which are drawn in any size by
skillful local designers and woven by weavers. 65% of Indian carpet
designs are Iranian, like Sarough, Hamadan, Tabriz, Kashan, Isfahan,
Khorasan, …., 15% French and the rest 20% are simple images.
Some of common Indian carpets
are as follows:
Agra: A thick type of
carpet woven by wool and cotton in blue, green and brown colors.
Asam: Small prayer-rug made of special white wool,
which is used for worship and pray in India and Pakistan.
Dilara: A type of poor quality cotton hand-made kilim,
which is woven in Punjab.
Darmi: It is an ancient
type woven like a mat.
Harami: Various types of
large carpets, which are woven for mosques.